Choosing a Cryo Bank

If you've choose to create your family through a biological route as opposed to pursuing adoption, one of the first things you'll need to learn all about is Sperm Donation. There are 2 main types of sperm donation: known and unknown donors. Unknown donors can be found through a sperm bank.

Here are our guidelines for working with a Sperm (Cryo) Bank:


  • Cryopreserved donor sperm can be released for insemination only after quarantine of at least 180 days, and repeat negative testing of the donor for all STI’s (sexually transmitted diseases) including HIV.
  • The sperm bank must be licensed by the Board of Health.
  • The sperm bank must obtain and present a detailed personal and sexual history of the donor.
  • The sperm bank must obtain and present a thorough physical examination of the donor and screen out potential donors who are at increased risk for STI’s.
  • The sperm bank must screen for heritable diseases, such as cystic fibrosis.
  • In order to limit the number of half siblings that are generated from any one donor, strongly consider working with a sperm bank that controls the number of live births obtained from each donor.
  • Some studies show that children conceived through sperm donation have a birth defect rate of less than one fifth as compared with the general population. This may be explained by the fact that sperm banks only accept donors who have good semen quality, and because of the rigorous screening procedures which they utilize, including paternal age requirements. In addition, sperm banks may try to ensure that the sperm supplied for a particular recipient woman comes from a donor whose blood group and genetic profile is compatible with her own.
  • Cost can be a factor. It is important to remember that conception often takes a number of months to accomplish and the purchasing of sperm can be expensive, particularly if artificial insemination is utilized on each successive try.

If you want to learn more about Cryobanks, or find one for yourself - our Find a Professional Tool has all that you need to get started.

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